Frills and peplums are used in skirts to give a bustle effect at the back. Skirts have become a little longer with a straighter silhouette, although fullness or drapery from the hips is fashionable. Skirts are just below knee level, small waisted and fairly tight fitting with hip pockets or gathering at the sides. Front inverted pleats or unpressed pleats are also worn. The waistlines are often with an attached belt which can come to a point in the front, or have a slight upward curve, similar to the Swiss belt. The 'New Look' is introduced by Christian Dior in Paris. It is remarkable because not only is it his first collection, but also, although there is still a shortage of materials, a great deal is required for the full, wide skirts. His style of clothing is a reaction to the austerity of the War years. It makes fashions really feminine again. Shoulders, instead of being square, become sloped — more natural and rounded than the square military styles of wartime — whilst waists are made to look tiny with the emphasis on busts and hips. Necklines are low and plunging and some dresses have three-quarter length batswing sleeves. The skirts become longer, reaching the calves, about 27 cm from the ground, and very full with the hips being padded to give extra bouffant results, and so emphasise the waistline. A variation has a bustle effect at the back.